Have you been noticing small traces of blood on your toothbrush while cleaning your teeth or when you bite into food? Or perhaps, you may be experiencing soreness or pain in the gums, which is quite disturbing. These are signs of gum disease, which can intensify to a large extent when you leave it untreated for a long duration. Hence, we urge you to visit a dentist and get gum disease addressed at the earliest before it takes a toll on your oral health.
In most cases, gum disease is caused by the microbes in the tartar deposits near the gum line. They can be seen as dark patches right near the gum line or at the intersection of two teeth. These are areas where the toothbrush bristles may not clean thoroughly, leading to severe microbial deposition. When these microbes feed on the food residues left in the mouth, they release toxic substances that can have adverse effects on the oral tissues. They erode the enamel to cause cavities and decay the gums to cause gum disease.
Apart from tartar, gum disease can also be caused due to injury to the gums which was left untreated for a long time, root canal infection, etc.
Patients must note that gum disease can briefly be divided into two types, namely gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the initial stage of gum disease, whereas periodontitis is the more advanced stage. Some of the symptoms of these oral conditions are:
Since the adhered tartar deposits are the main cause of gum disease, removing them provides significant relief from it. We remove the tartar deposits from the teeth through ultrasonic scaling - a procedure performed using special oral cleaning equipment. It consists of a metal scaling tip made from stainless steel, which will vibrate at ultrasonic frequencies to remove the tartar deposits. It is combined with a continuous water jet to wash away the removed debris.
Root planing is similar to scaling but is used to clean the tooth roots. Since the dentist inserts the scaling tip between the gums and tooth roots (in the gum pockets), it could be painful. Hence, we administer local anesthesia to numb the gums and teeth. During the root planing procedure (also known as deep cleaning), the dentist will not only remove the accumulated calculus but also clean the deep gum pockets and smoothen the surface of the tooth roots. This reduces the chances of microbial deposition on them.
Both these procedures are minimally invasive and wouldn’t alter the structure of the teeth in any way. Getting the teeth cleaned once in six months, irrespective of having gum disease, is crucial in maintaining optimum oral health and preventing cavities or gum disease.
Please reach out to us to schedule a consultation with our dentist, and we’ll guide you further.